It is a sovereign nation in Canada which entered into Treaty 3 with the crown in 1873.
The Treaty 3 is the only one of the eleven Numbered Treaties of Canada that was made with a single distinct aboriginal people.
The Treaty covered traditional territory of the Anishinaabe people extending from Lake Superior in the east into what is now Manitoba to the west.
Three years after the treaty was signed, Canada enacted the Indian Act breaking most of the provisions of the Treaty.
Today, Grand Council Treaty 3 continues to be composed of the many councils of the Anishinaabe Nation.